Reading and dating roman coins
Researchers from the Israel Antiquities Authority found the ancient road near the village of Mata after the area was dug up to make way for a water pipeline to Jerusalem.
As written in the King James version, Matthew -21 reads: Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? Right away those with even passing familiarity with the coinage of Jesus's time will point out that the penny must be an anachronism since that invention was yet several centuries into the future. The KJV translators were deliberately remaking the ancient language of the bible into a tongue familiar to a largely illiterate audience.
The more correct translation of the Greek δηνάριον (denarion) or the Latin Vulgate's would have yielded an incomprehensible technicism not in keeping with the mission.
Among the many, many issues yet unresolved by ancient numismatists it is perhaps a little ironic that an ordinary and easily available coin should prove the most divisive.
All the controversy is due to a rather numismatically ambiguous passage in the bible. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? Then saith he unto them, render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.
An ancient road that linked the Roman Empire to Jerusalem more than 2,000 years ago has been dug up by archaeologists.