speed dating cheltenham gloucester - Mandating vaccinations
The New York City Board of Health told the Health Department to devise a plan to ensure the purity and potency of diphtheria antitoxins sold in the city. Congress passed "An act to regulate the sale of viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products," later referred to as the Biologics Control Act (even though "biologics" appears nowhere in the law). Public Health Service to oversee manufacture of biological drugs.
At this point, most of the antitoxin came from two suppliers in Germany. This was the first modern federal legislation to control the quality of drugs. The Hygienic Laboratory eventually became the National Institutes of Health.
“We know too well that the level of [immunization] protection that we have now established in our children and our communities is a fragile one that depends on what we refer to as community or ‘herd’ immunity.
From the standpoint of effectiveness, modern childhood vaccines are approximately 90 to 95 percent effective.
Total percentages may not add up to exactly 100% as we allow users to submit "grey area" stances that may not be categorized into yes/no stances.